Featured image: Linebrook Church, photo by George Dexter, circa 1900.

Linebrook Road has been said to follow an old Native American trail that connected Agawam (Ipswich) with Lake Cochichewick in North Andover. The area began to be populated by settlers with the founding of Ipswich, primarily as agricultural land, and was known as Ipswich Farms and derisively as Firetown.

The Perley family settled here early, and owned great tracts throughout Ipswich. James Howe, Jr., settled with his family, but in his latter years became blind, and the work fell upon his wife Elizabeth.

ipswich-farms-1746-mvb-perley
Illustration by M. V. B. Perley of Ipswich Farms, as the outer Linebrook neighborhood was known. “Old Andover Road” is now Linebrook Rd.

Elizabeth Howe was accused by a member of the Perley family of casting a spell on their daughter, and was among the first of the unfortunate women to be hung as a witch in Salem in 1692. (Examination of a Witch, by T. H. Matteson, 1853)

The outermost area, near the Old Linebrook Cemetery, was so distant from the center of Ipswich that many of the residents married people from Topsfield, Boxford and Rowley, and had affinity for those towns and churches.

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The Old Linebrook Cemetery is at the intersection of Linebrook and Newbury Roads, near the Perley and Howe family homesteads.

Around 1740, the residents of Ipswich Farms began pressing for creation of a parish church of their own. Residents in Chebacco (now Essex), and the Hamlet (now Hamilton) had already formed separate parishes. The Massachusetts General Court on June 4, 1746, created the Linebrook Parish and ordered that the inhabitants establish the church. The boundaries followed Howlett’s Brook, Gravelly Brook, Bull Brook, the Egypt River, Bachelder Brook, and Mill River ending with a line approximately from Hood Pond back to the mouth of Gravelly Brook at the Ipswich River. The later part of Ipswich was set off to Topsfield in 1774 so that its residents could attend the church there, reducing the membership of Linebrook Parish to the community along the road from Ipswich, and a few Rowley families living north of the church to today’s Rt. 133.

From the founding of the colony, all residents of Massachusetts towns were required to belong to the parish church of their residency. The Massachusetts Constitution continued the tradition, and from 1780 until 1834, Massachusetts required towns to pay for the upkeep of a protestant church out of local tax funds. When parishioners requested to establish a separate parish within the town, determination was made by majority vote of the mother church. This section of the constitution was amended by bipartisan consensus in 1834.

The first parish house and cemetery were established on Leslie Road. The building was moved to the current location on Linebrook Road, and was replaced by the existing structure.

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The Linebrook School sat at the intersection of Linebrook and Leslie Roads.

A school house sat at the intersection of Leslie and Linebrook Roads. Samuel Wigglesworth, Jr., son of the Rev. Mr. Wigglesworth of the Hamlet parish, Harvard, 1752, had been elected school-master by the Town, and kept school in Chebacco Parish three months of the year, three months in the hamlet, and two months in Linebrook.

Great loads of lumber and firewood from the Linebrook wood lots were carted into Ipswich daily, awaiting purchasers. Frequent trips by shipbuilders were made to Linebrook to select walnut and yellow oak, prized wood for the keels, masts and spars.

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The Linebrook School was at the intersection of Linebrook and Leslie Roads. (1832 map)

A PEN-RAMBLE IN LINEBROOK 

by M. V. B. Perley

This is ancient territory…There were vested rights, upon the southeast, as early as 1635. Before 1653 Ipswich-Linebrook was all improved. The earliest settlers were Batchelder, Foster, Sherwin, Howe, Perley, Fowler, Davis, Grant, Burnham, Cooper, Burpee, Tenney, Pingree, Kimball, Chapman, Dodge, Jewett, Dresser, etc. The earliest settlements were upon the south and north where the rivers led. It has always been a farming community.

The surface is agreeably diversified with hills, plains and meadows. Hunsley hill upon the northeast, 300 feet above the level of the sea, is the highest elevation in the county, except Baldpate in Georgetown, 392 feet, and Holts hill in Andover, 423 feet. The plain land is somewhat sandy and not now particularly adapted to farming. When the soil was new it was very satisfactory for raising the cereals, and our early ancestors sought and valued it for corn, wheat, flax and others. The valleys are rich and fertile. The meadows were highly prized by the settlers, for they were the principal source of feed for their cattle in winter. One hundred and twenty-live years ago Mr. Job Pingry owned three thousand acres of this territory.

Within our southwestern border is Hood Lake, fifty acres of beautiful water, lately stocked with choice fishes. Near the former site of the ancient church is ”pulpit rock,” having a perpendicular frontage of some ten feet, overlooking a broad plain, where Rev. George Whitefield electrified the multitude with the spirit of his power, as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and a judgment to come.

Near the present church is one of the largest farms in the county, with excellent equipment. Opposite this barn is the site of the old garrison and tavern, where at a militia election the successful candidate was accidentally shot by his opponent, who was tried and convicted, but pardoned by the Governor before sentence was pronounced, and where upon an election day a Mr. J. P. climbed the flag-staff, unaided, to the top of the mainstaft, for the reward of a bowl of punch that had been placed there by means of ladders. Having reached the top and secured the prize, he offered to share it with any who might earn it as he had. Several attempts with as many failures made him Monarch of all he surveyed, with rights that none could dispute.

Early in the present century there was the very eccentric sign of a very eccentric man. It has found its way into literature, and has been told as an entertaining story by travelers far and wide, as follows:

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Corporal John Foster’s sign hangs at the Ipswich Museum

The Diary of William Bentley

October 30, 1811: “I left Salem with Mr. H. C. Crowninshield to see Line Brook vulgarly known as Firetown, a section of Ipswich, Topsfield & Rowley at the acute angle in which they meet. Never did I find so many opinions about the distance & the course of any place. I took my own way & went to Topsfield meeting-house. There at a tavern I found an intelligent woman who had lived in the neighbourhood. She directed me to proceed on the Haverhill road leaving the road to Ipswich on my right hand till I had passed two miles, then to take the right hand & about half a mile from the meeting house or four miles from Topsfield Meeting, I turned to the left & came to Line Brook Meeting House. I visited the Minister whose house is near the Meeting house upon rising ground west of it.

Upon my return through Ipswich as the road near the Meeting House went to Rowley I returned the half mile into the former road from which I had turned & continued towards Ipswich & in about a mile I crossed Newbury Turnpike at a Tavern kept by one Foster in Linebrook about three & a half miles from the Topsfield hotel, so that the best road from Salem is by Topsfield Hotel to Foster tavern or the crossroad at that place. 

We continued on towards Ipswich, Line Brook extending nearly two miles beyond the turnpike towards Ipswich. Taking a left hand as we were leaving Line Brook & then passing over the Sands we entered Ipswich near the burying-ground above the Old Meeting House & proceeded into Ipswich upon the Newbury lower road till we reached Treadwell’s tavern on the Hill at bell ringing, half past twelve, & at Treadwell’s we dined.

John Foster house, Turnpike Road in Ipswich
John Foster’s inn still stands at the corner of Linebrook and Turnpike Road in Ipswich

Foster by trade was a blacksmith by business, a landlord. His sign hanging near the tavern door read as follows: “I shoe the horse, I shoe the ox, I carry the nails in my box, I make the nail, I set the shoe, And entertain some strangers too.” At times he would not reply when questioned unless addressed by his title. He was as obliging and generous as he was eccentric.”

The general appearance of Line Brook is poor but more so at the point towards Topsfield & Boxford at which we entered. We saw only one orchard & that an old one from Topsfield till we reached the Meeting House. Most of the lands were unenclosed & barren & the swamps were of no use, being filled with small pines small birch & alders with hummocks. Away from the road, some farms on favorite spots made a little better appearance. As we approached the Turnpike some farms were in better condition, but we soon passed to the moving sands which lay between Ipswich & this parish. It is generally considered as the poorest division of Essex. As it is the last place I have visited it is the most destitute of the means of enriching a farmer. And if the tastes of the people can be guessed by the rhymes on Foster’s sign their minds are of higher improvements than their barren country I found.”

Linebrook militia

The Linebrook community formed its own militia of 20-30 men for the Revolutionary war. Linebrook, a farming community of thirty-seven families, provided nineteen soldiers during the Civil War. During the Revolution, report said one day that the enemy was sailing up Batchelder’s Brook, and men, women and children fled for their lives. But one Dresser, whom they met, called them fools and deliberately taking out his pipe and lighting it, said, “I’ll take a little smoke before they get here.” They did not come, but we are not to infer that he is smoking now. Linebrook fought in the Indian wars, in the Revolution, in the war of 1812, and furnished some fifteen or twenty soldiers against the Rebellion.

linebrook-map-1795

Establishment of the Linebrook Parish

The inhabitants of this precinct were burdened in being so far remote from their respective places of worship. Besides, many living within that distance would be better accommodated here and with ample territory and consequently ample means, it was thought advisable to employ a religious teacher as early as 1739 or 40.

Shortly afterwards the propriety of a corporate parish began to be discussed, and a petition was sent to the Great and General Court of Massachusetts Bay. Finally, a committee of that body repaired to the several parishes, took a view of the situation and circumstances and heard the parishes concerned,” and submitted their report March 21, 1745, old style. “In Council June 4, 1746, it was ordered that the inhabitants and their effects by the report set off together with such other persons exempted as may join them.

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The Rev. George Whitfield preached to over two thousand people from a large rock now known Pulpit Rock, near the Leslie Road Cemetery.

Thus the parish obtained its status, the right to command its parishioners and to tax their property. The perimeter of the parish is in part composed of five different brooks, and it was, therefore, determined by vote Jan. 27, 1746-7, to name it Linebrook.

Dec. 25, 1755, Dea. jonathan Burpee, Sen. David Perley and Mark How were chosen a committee to join with the neighboring parishes in perambulating the line, which was described in the petition to the Great and General Court, and recorded in the parish records March 17, 1752, as follows :

  • In Ipswich, beginning at the mouth of Howlett’s Brook, so-called, by the north side of Ipswich river;
  • thence running northeasterly by said river till it comes to Gravelly Brook, so-called;
  • thence running northerly by said Brook across the West Meadows till it comes to John Smith’s, to the west branch of Egypt River, so-called,
  • and by said river till it comes to the northeasterly corner of Bull Brook pasture so-called;
  • thence northwesterly including said pasture till it comes to where said pasture strikes Rowley line;
  • thence westerly on Rowley line till it comes to Batchelder’s Brook, so-called;
  • thence northerly by said brook, including George Kilburn’s and Thomas Wood’s land on the east side of said brook, following the said brook till it comes to the easterly part of George Hibbert’s land;
  • then, as said Hibbert’s land runs to the northwest corner thereof, including said Hibbert’s land;
  • thence running northwesterly as the line runs between Jonathan Burpee’s and Aquilla Jewett’s land to the (Mill) Brook, on which stands Mr. Tenney’s grist-mill, so by the brook to the said mill;
  • thence by said brook till it comes to Straight bridge; still southwesterly on said brook including Aaron and Job Pingree’s and Jedediah and David Kilburn’s and David Perley’s land on the north of said brook to an island in the Great Meadows, called Peabody’s Island, to Boxford line;
  • thence southerly as Boxford and Rowley line runs till it comes to the Ipswich line;
  • thence as the line runs between Boxford and Ipswich, till it comes to the corner bounds between Ipswich, Boxford and Topslield before Capt. Perley’s door;
  • thence as the line runs between Topsfield and Ipswich, till it comes to the first mentioned bounds at Howlett’s Brook.

Feb. 11, 1774, a part of the parish with the same part of the town of Ipswich was by the General Court set off to Topsfield. No other changes have come to our notice and the Linebrook of to-day includes parts of Rowley, Ipswich and Boxford — the original line except in the set-off to Topsfield.

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Leslie Road Burying Ground

The first Linebrook Parish Meeting House (Leslie Road)

The first meeting-house was erected in 1743. On June 27, 1746-7, the parish voted to finish the house thus:

  • First, the pulpit and deacon’s seat;
  • second, the body seats below;
  • third, three fore seats in each gallery;
  • fourth, the gallery stairs and plaster under the gallery;
  • fifth, a pew for the parish.

May 18, 1747, it was voted that the meeting-house be finished by the last of October. It was a two-story, square house, was furnished with box-pews, and was entered by a front door and a door on each side.

Dec. 28, 1747, a committee was chosen to receive and receipt for a gift from Abraham Smith, and discharge the executor. They were also to paint the pulpit suitably and put on it the name of Abraham /Smith deceased.

This house stood about a third of the way on the road from the Ipswich-Linebrook school-house to the Rowley- Georgetown road. The building committee were John Smith, Thomas Potter, Mark How, Jonathan Burpee and John Abbott.

The genealogy of the Fowler family reads that James Davis, who married Abigail Metcalfe, gave the land on which the house stood. The parish records read that the price of pew No. 11, bought by Joseph Metcalfe and Jonathan Burpee, was “3 acres of land to build the house on.” The house was removed to the location of the present church and rebuilt in 1828 and dedicated Jan. 1, 1829. The rebuilding followed the old model. The present church was erected in 1848.

Their method of psalm singing was quaint. The tuner, as the leader was called, would read a verse or line and then strike some symmetrical movement, when all the organs vocal followed. In 1791, the singing-school was invited to assist the tuners, and their office began to decline.”

pulpit-rock-sign

Rev. George Lesslie

The Rev. George Lesslie came from Ireland when he was eighteen months old with his parents who located in Topsfield. a graduate of Harvard College, a divinity student of Rev. John Emerson of Topsfield. He was ordained and installed as pastor of the Linebrook church on November 15, 1749, the day of the organization of the church. He married Deacon Burpee’s youngest daughter, had eight children (six sons), He was “an eminent scholar, intellectually powerful, and a pious and successful minister.” The Parish voted to give Mr. Lesslie for his salary “one hundred pounds, new tenor, yearly; By Indian corn at Christmas time at six shillings a bushel, the one half of his salry; and by pork at Christmas at six pence a pound, the one quarter of his salary; and by beef at four pence half pennay a pound by the last of October, the one quarter of his salary…and twelve cords of wood at his door year.”

The church was incorporated with thirteen male members, and in that year twenty-two members were added. From 1749 to 1770 forty-six members were added, bringing the total to eighty-nine, after which the population of the parish diminished. In the aftermath of the Revolutionary war, the value of paper currency depreciated, and the parish was unable to make up the deficiency in Mr. Lesslie’s salary. In 1779 the pastor requested that his employment be disolved, and he and Mrs. Leslie moved to Washington, NH where he served the church there for 20 years, until his death in 1800.

Subsequent pastors

The Parish was unable to fill the position permanently for ten years, by the Rev. Gilbert T. Williams was ordained and installed in 1789 and served until 1813. The parish at that time was reduced in size to one man and three women, and the church went for the next 47 years without a settled pastor. The Rev. David Tullar, having retired from the ministry, began preaching at Linebrook in 1824 at the age of 76. Prospects improved, and the old meeting house on Lesslie Rd. was moved to the current location. Rev. Tullar closed his ministry in 1830 at eighty-two years of age. For the next 30 years the church was care for by supply ministers, no pastor being installed. In 1860 Mr. John Perley bequeahed a fund, “the income from which shall be paid…to the Orthodox Congregational Society, Linebrook Parish, in the towns of Ipswich and Rowley, for the support of preachign and a Sabbath Wchool in said Society annually while the society ahs a settled minister.”

Pastors to hold office under the provision of this fund were Ezekiel Dow (1860-1866), Alvah M. Richardson 5 years, Benhamin Howe 12 years, Edward H. Briggs 4 years, Rev. William Penn Alcott, 1887-1919, Rev. Emery L. Bradford (1919-30 retirement not listed).

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The second Linebrook Meeting House (standing)

Edited from Ipswich in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, by By Thomas Franklin Waters

The Revolutionary War brought great hardship to the little Parish and to the Pastor. The currency was greatly depreciated and the salary upon which he was settled was so diminished that it afforded him a living only by pinching economy. There is no record of his school in these later years. Again and again he appealed to his Parish to increase his salary, but the Parish did not or could not afford him relief, and he asked release from his pastorate in a long and earnest letter, dated Oct. 22, 1779, more than thirty years after he began his ministry.

A chaotic condition continued in the church for several years, the Baptist faction pressing evidently for the ultimate possession of the meeting house. In April, 1820, the Committee of conference reported an agreement with the Baptists to allow them the use of the house six Sabbaths consecutively beginning with the third Sabbath in May, and half the time until April, 1821.

In January, 1828, the Parish had regained such vigor and hopefulness that the great project of taking down the old meeting house and rebuilding in a better locality was entered upon with enthusiasm. A new lot was secured, still occupied by the present meeting house. Daniel Searle and Mark R. Jewett contracted to do the work in April, and on November 4, 1828, the Parish voted to accept the rebuilt house on condition that the builders “paint the pulpit & elders pew and bannisters by the pulpit stairs, some devout color” and “make all necessary repairs in the pews which is wanted to make them good and decent.” The rejuvenated sanctuary was rededicated with great dignity on January 1, 1829.

linebrook-dedication-1848

A new house of worship on the same site was built in 1848, and dedicated on November 22. The building committee contracted with Charles C. Bracket for $1850 and the old meeting house, the Parish furnishing the pews used in the Unitarian meeting house in Ipswich, which had been sold to the Town for a Town House.

John Perley, Esq., a native of the Parish, died on May 11, 1860, bequeathing to the Parish seven thousand dollars, to be held in trust as a perpetual fund, “the income of which shall be paid to the Orthodox Congregational Society, Linebrook Parish, in the towns of Ipswich and Rowley, for the support of preaching and a Sabbath School in said society annually, while said society has a settled minister.” The income from this fund has enabled this ancient Church to maintain its worship, notwithstanding the loss in population of the neighborhood, and the decline of the church-going habit.

linebrook_church

Timeline of Linebrook Church

By J. B. Felt, in The History of Ipswich, Essex and Hamilton

  • 1742, Dec. 2nd. A committee report, that the West End do not become a parish, but keep up preaching among them.
  • 1744, April 12th. Voted, that they be set off.
  •  1746, June 5th. The General Court allow some of West Ipswich and of Rowley to become a distinct parish, who vote, Jan. 27th, 1747, to be called Line Brook Parish.
  • 1749, Nov. 15th. Sixteen males sign a covenant and are formed into a Church. This Church had Ruling Elders till after 1757.
  • 1823. There were only two female members.
  • 1833. There were fourteen males and twenty females.
  • 1744. A house had been erected. A vote is passed in 1747, to have it finished. It was near the burying-ground.
  • The old one is pulled down and another built, on the present spot, in 1828.
  • 1790, Nov. 15th. The town grants Bull Brook towards the support of the ministry at Line Brook.
linebrook-map-1910
 Linebrook area, from the 1910 Ipswich map

Linebrook  today

Statement by the Linebrook Church, an Independent Congregational Church

“The Linebrook Parish was incorporated in 1746 by an act of the Massachusetts Legislature as a “parish” — a region served by a particular church and its pastor. The church building now used by the Linebrook Church was built by the members of the Linebrook Parish in 1848, their third meetinghouse. Its historic nature and some of its contents have been the subject of news articles and books. The church building was not occupied except sporadically from the early 1990’s until 2006, when the new Linebrook Church was formed. The building was, however, faithfully maintained by the assessors (trustees) of the Linebrook Parish in anticipation of being used once again as a church building. Linebrook Church is grateful to and proud of these assessors, who have protected and preserved a lovely colonial-style building so that it might be ready for a congregation. Their faith in the future has been honored by God.”

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The New Linebrook Cemetery on Linebrook Rd.

Nomination of the Linebrook Church area for the National Register of Historic Places, by Anne Grady, 1984

The Linebrook Church and the four houses along the same side of Linebrook Road east and west of it form an intact 19th century grouping with no intrusions. The houses include the Country Federal house at the easternmost end of the area, the richly-ornamented Queen Anne dwelling next west, the Greek Revival cottage with a hint of Gothic just west of the church, and the simpler cottage with doorway drawn from Asher Benjamin’s Practice of Architecture (1833) at the west end of the area.

The remains of the Linebrook Pound, built before 1832, just across Leslie Road form ah appropriate termination at the east end of the area. The church is a fine example of the New England Village church in the Greek Revival style. The houses form a period setting for the church which is the major focal point of outer Linebrook. These properties occupy a strip of more or less level land on the northeast side of the road. A wooded hill rises behind them. A late 19th century face wall stretches across approximately half of the frontage. The houses across the street were built in the mid 20th century.

Sources:

Stories and historic houses from Linebrook Parish

Flight from Rooty Plain - The story of the Great Ipswich Fright on April 21, 1775  was widely told, and memorialized by John Greenleaf Whittier. Mrs. Alice P. Tenney in 1933 provided an amusing story of the fear that struck Rooty Plain, also called “Millwood,” a thriving little mill community along today’s Rt. 133 in Rowley: “News arrived in Rooty Plain … Continue reading Flight from Rooty Plain
The hanging of Ezra Ross and Bathsheba Spooner, July 2, 1778 - In 1778, sixteen-year-old Ezra Ross of Ipswich was condemned to death for the murder of Joshua Spooner of Brookfield. Spooner's wife Bathsheba became the first woman executed in the newly-created United States of America. Ezra Ross is buried in an unmarked grave at the Leslie Road Cemetery.
The Witchcraft Trial of Elizabeth Howe - Featured image: Examination of a Witch, by T. H. Matteson, 1853 The 1996 movie “The Crucible” is based on Arthur Miller’s award-winning 1953 play about the Salem Witch Trials. It was filmed on Choate Island, part of the Crane estate in Ipswich and Essex. The story and movie are based on accusations against John and Elizabeth Proctor of … Continue reading The Witchcraft Trial of Elizabeth Howe
Abandoned Tenney home, Linebrok Rd. Ipswich MA 4 Old Right Road, the Tenney house, c1900 - The small abandoned house, first on the left on Old Right Road (just after passing 282 Linebrook Road) is owned by the State and is part of the Willowdale State Forest. The house first appears on the 1910 Ipswich map owned by “Mrs. Tenney.”  
320 Linebrook Rd., the Daniel Conant house (1875) - This modest vernacular building is one of a cluster of farmers’ or shoemakers’ cottages constructed on this stretch of Linebrook Rd. in the second half of the 19th century. The building may be the surviving ell of an earlier building. The 1910 atlas shows a larger structure with ell, and the current owner says there … Continue reading 320 Linebrook Rd., the Daniel Conant house (1875)
402 Linebrook Road Ipswich MA 402 Linebrook Rd. (1929) - The Colonial replica house at 402 Linebrook Rd. in Ipswich sits across from the Old Linebrook Cemetery. The Ipswich Assessors site lists the date of construction as 1929. The name of the builder is unknown. The owner of the house at this location in 1910 was W. W. Ballard,.
6 Newbury Road Ipswich MA 6 Newbury Road, the Joseph B. Perley house (1865) - Joseph Burpee Perley was born in Ipswich-Linebrook 28 Sept., 1791. He built his home near the New Linebrook Cemetery, which was destroyed by fire. Upon the sale of the property to Ezekiel P. Potter, he occupied his parental farm. Later he purchased for his son Charles M. the ancestral estate of the Perley family, which, … Continue reading 6 Newbury Road, the Joseph B. Perley house (1865)
306 Linebrook Road, the Deacon William Foster Conant house (1833) - According to the owner in 1980, who is a Conant by birth, the house was built by a Conant from lumber gathered on the family property in the area. As near as can be determined the house was built c. 1833 by Deacon William Foster Conant (b. 1802, d. 1886). It does not appear on … Continue reading 306 Linebrook Road, the Deacon William Foster Conant house (1833)
341 Linebrook Road, the Joseph Conant house (1700-1835) - The house at 341 Linebrook Road was owned in the mid 19th century by Joseph Conant, a shoemaker. It is one of a cluster of homes in the immediate area owned by the promient and extensive Conant family in the immediate neighborhood. The house appears to have originally been a two-bay-wide, story-and-one-third cottage with the chimney … Continue reading 341 Linebrook Road, the Joseph Conant house (1700-1835)
347 Linebrook Rd., the Foster-Conant house 347 Linebrook Road, the Foster-Conant house (1840) - The house at 347 Linebrook Rd. was the home of J. Foster, then owned by Cyrus William Conant (b. 1837, d. 1905), the son of Deacon William F. Conant. Cyrus Conant served in the Civil War. He is said to have been the strongest man in town and “could cut and pile four cords of … Continue reading 347 Linebrook Road, the Foster-Conant house (1840)
375 Linebrook Rd., Ipswich MA 375 Linebrook Rd., the Thomas Foster house (1800) - One of three “Country Federal” houses in Linebrook this house exhibits the five-bay wide, one-room-deep plan, and two rear chimneys which are characteristic of the style. On the exterior, there is a simple Greek Revival frontispiece. A kitchen fireplace in the cellar, and a fireplace in the right-hand room with oven with cast iron door … Continue reading 375 Linebrook Rd., the Thomas Foster house (1800)
393 Linebrook Rd., the David Tullar Perley house (1851) - According to Harold Perley of Linebrook, this house was built by his grandfather David Tullar Perley. The house was built between 1847 when Perley first began to purchase land in Linebrook and 1856 when it was shown on the map. Construction may have coincided with D.T. Perley’s marriage in 1851. Perley became the largest cattle … Continue reading 393 Linebrook Rd., the David Tullar Perley house (1851)
395 Linebrook Rd., Ipswich Ma 395 Linebrook Rd., the Alvin T. Guilford house (1835) - The house at 395 Linebrook Road was owned by the Guilford family until 1962. Alvin T. Guilford, who lived here throughout the second half of the 19th century, was a farmer and shoemaker. The house displays the story-and-one-third configuration which prevailed in houses built in Linebrook in the first half of the 19th century. The … Continue reading 395 Linebrook Rd., the Alvin T. Guilford house (1835)
411 Linebrook Rd., Ipswich MA 411 Linebrook Rd. (1938) - According to a previous owner, the house was built in 1938 to resemble the house at 419 Linebrook. It therefore incorporates similar features of the Greek Revival Vernacular style as the story-and-one-third configuration, the small square windows on the second level, and an Ashier Benjamin-inspired doorway . Source: MACRIS
419 Linebrook Road, Ipswich MA, the Eliza Perley house 419 Linebrook Rd., the Eliza Howe Perley house (1840) - The house at 419 Linebrook Road in Ipswich was constructed c. 1840 by William Perkins Perley shortly after his marriage to Eliza Howe. The land belonged to his father-in-law, Aaron Howe. The house was described as “beautiful of situation” and picturesque. Mrs. and Mrs. Perley were divorced in about 1845. Eliza H. Perley acceded to … Continue reading 419 Linebrook Rd., the Eliza Howe Perley house (1840)
91 Old Right Road, Ipswich MA 91 Old Right Road, the Jacob Potter house (c 1845) - The home of farmer and local deacon, Jacob Symonds Potter, from before 1856 until after 1872, this property is near the site of several earlier Potter homesteads and Potter’s brook. Together, these evince the continued presence of the Potter family in South Linebrook from the 17th through the 19th centuries. Potters were active in petitions … Continue reading 91 Old Right Road, the Jacob Potter house (c 1845)
392 Linebrook Rd. Ipswich MA 392 Linebrook Road, the Emerson Howe house (1810) - The house at 392 Linebrook Rd. in Ipswich was constructed in 1810, and is located on land granted to James Howe, Sr. in 1650. Emerson Howe (b. 1813, d. 1885) inherited the building from his father, Mark, and lived here throughout his life. Emerson Howe, a farmer and member of the Linebrook Militia, was described … Continue reading 392 Linebrook Road, the Emerson Howe house (1810)
315 Linebrook Road, the William Conant house (1777) - The William Conant house at 315 Linebrook Rd. was constructed between 1769 and 1777. The Conant family was one of the largest and most prominent families in Linebrook, particularly for its connection with several generations of William Conants. In 1983, the exterior was in poor condition and the interior had been partly dismantled. The house has … Continue reading 315 Linebrook Road, the William Conant house (1777)
3 Newbury Road, the Philomen Foster house and barn (1787) - The Philomen Foster house at 2 Newbury Street is one of the most picturesque historic properties in Linebrook. This 18th century cape retains much of its Late Second Period character. The central five bays of the house are the earliest portion, built c. 1787. The left-hand (west) rooms were added in the early 1800s. Philomen Foster Sr. (b. … Continue reading 3 Newbury Road, the Philomen Foster house and barn (1787)
437 Linebrook Road, the John, Silas and Allen Perley house (1784) - Original parts of the Allen Perley house at 437 Linebrook Rd. in Ipswich are listed by the Massachusetts Historical commission as having been constructed in 1784. The house was constructed at this location before the beginning of the 19th Century, and the first (middle) part of the structure is an older home that was moved from Rowley … Continue reading 437 Linebrook Road, the John, Silas and Allen Perley house (1784)
Leslie Road Burial Ground, 169 Leslie Rd., Rowley MA - The following study and information is provided by Bruce Laing: In Memento Mori, authors Johnson and Elbridge were ambitious, thorough, and accurate. There were indeed three Burial Grounds in the Linebrook Parish, even though only two were commonly known by town historians, and only two were seen by Parish residents. The reason is painfully obvious, … Continue reading Leslie Road Burial Ground, 169 Leslie Rd., Rowley MA
New Linebrook Cemetery - Description of the New Linebrook Cemetery and the comprehensive listing, provided by Bruce Laing, 2006 Download as PDF View gravestones at the New Linebrook Cemetery (FindaGrave) This cemetery is about 100’ wide by 275’ deep. There is an antique house just to the east, and a modern house just to the west. Behind the cemetery … Continue reading New Linebrook Cemetery
Old Linebrook Cemetery - The Old Linebrook Cemetery is at the intersection of Linebook Rd with Newbury Road about 6 miles west of Ipswich center. The cemetery was first used in 1725. Regular burials began in 1768, and only 24 were interred there since the beginning of the 20th Century. Principal family names include Chapman, Conant, Ellsworth, Foster, Howe, … Continue reading Old Linebrook Cemetery
297 Linebrook Road, the Joseph Chapman house (1720) - The Joseph Chapman house at 297 Linebrook Rd. was built circa 1720. The building is perhaps the oldest structure in Linebrook, and is said to have once had a fireplace in which one could stand up.. The post and beam frame has summer beams with simple bevel chamfers, supporting the 1720 construction date. The  first Chapman to be … Continue reading 297 Linebrook Road, the Joseph Chapman house (1720)
The John Peabody house, 316 Linebrook Rd., Ipswich, MA 316 Linebrook Road, the John Peabody house (1850) - Records of the Ipswich and Massachusetts Historical Commissions indicate that the house at 316 Linebrook Rd. was built by John Peabody circa 1850. The properties surrounding the John Peabody house on either side and across the street historically belonged to the Conant family. The 1832 Ipswich town map shows two Conant residences in this neighborhood, but not the John Peabody … Continue reading 316 Linebrook Road, the John Peabody house (1850)
387 Linebrook Road, Perley Farm (1880) - We received a couple of wonderful photographs of the old Perley farm on Linebrook Rd. from Chris Gorham. Her grandmother, Bertha Cheever Perley Moulton, was born in Ipswich in 1886 to David Tullar Perley and Elizabeth Lavalette Perley. Bertha Perley graduated from Manning High School in 1905. The Perley family barn at 381 Linebrook is now known … Continue reading 387 Linebrook Road, Perley Farm (1880)
421 Linebrook Road, the Abraham Howe barn (1725) - The following information is from the records of the Topsfield Historical Society: “The western part of Ipswich was originally known as Ipswich Farms, and later became known as Linebrook Parish. James Howe’s first house along the old Indian way now known as Linebrook Road was built on the grant of 1650. His son John Howe Sr. … Continue reading 421 Linebrook Road, the Abraham Howe barn (1725)
61 Turnpike Road, the John Foster house (1780) - The Ipswich Historical Commission on March 15 placed a one-year delay on a demolition permit requested for the John Foster house.
403 Linebrook Road, the Timothy Morse house (1817) - Deacon Timothy Morse built this house at 403 Linebrook Road in approximately 1817.  Timothy Morse Jr. (b. 1783) was a carpenter by trade and the house retains much of his finish work. Antique wide pine floors and  period detail have been maintained. Timothy Morse is buried in the old Linebrook Cemetery at Linebrook & Newbury … Continue reading 403 Linebrook Road, the Timothy Morse house (1817)

2 thoughts on “Linebrook Parish

  1. I went the first grade in that school. I was repeating first grade. Dad lost his job that had provided our home and income . We moved 3 times in my first year of school needless to say none of us kids do too well in school that year. Mother had me transfers to the Winthrope school. So did not spend much time at Linebrook school. . But lived on Linebrook Rd for over 80years . Now live in apartment. Miss our home though.

  2. Hi Gordon, more great stuff. Boy that Dr. Bentley and George Whitfield were really ubiquitous in those days. Fun reading…

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