The Ipswich Post Office Mural portrays Reverend John Wise and Major Samuel Appleton gathered with other Ipswich men in 1687 in opposition to taxes imposed by Sir Edmund Andros.
On April 18, 1689 leaders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony reclaimed control of the government from the crown-appointed governor, Sir Edmund Andros. Major Samuel Appleton of Ipswich was given the honor of handing Andros into the boat which conveyed him to prison on Castle Island in Boston Harbor, and was appointed to serve on the new ruling council.
Only a year earlier Major Appleton had been imprisoned by Andros. On the evening of August 23, 1687 the Rev. John Wise gathered town leaders to organize opposition against a new tax imposed by Andros. A hastily called town meeting the next day voted that “no taxes should be levied upon the subjects without consent of the Assembly chosen by the Freeholders” and refused to appoint a tax collector.
On September 19, a warrant was issued for the arrest of several Ipswich men for being “seditiously inclined and disaffected to his Majesty’s government.” Major Appleton took refuge in Saugus, where he delivered an address denouncing Andros from a rocky cliff that is known today as “Appleton’s Pulpit.” Additional warrants were issued against him for “absconding himself.” The others eventually gave bond, but the 62-year-old Major Appleton scorned the appearance of submission and refused to make any apology. He remained imprisoned in the cold Boston Jail through the winter.
Colonel/Major Samuel Appleton II and his brother John were among five children of Samuel Appleton, settler of Ipswich, who was born Aug. 13, 1586 in Waldingfield, England and died Feb. 24, 1670, buried in Rowley MA.
Colonel Appleton served as a justice of the Quarterly and General Sessions Court in Ipswich, and was a judge on the Court of Oyer and Terminer which was held in Ipswich on April 16, 1692 as the last of the witchcraft trials. At this court, unlike Salem, all were acquitted. He died on May 15, 1696.
The next time you are at the Ipswich post office, look up at the large mural which portrays the events of that first evening which led to Ipswich adopting the motto “The Birthplace of American Independence 1687.” There stands Major Samuel Appleton, who through his words and deeds bore witness to the people’s’ rights nearly a century before the Declaration of Independence.
Colonel Samuel Appleton’s grave at the Old North Burial Ground in Ipswich
- “Memorial of Samuel Appleton of Ipswich, Massachusetts; With genealogical Notices of Some of his Descendants” by Isaac Appleton Jewett.
- “A Rough Sketch of the Appleton Genealogy” by W. S. Appleton, 1873
- “A Genealogy of the Appleton Family” by W. S. Appleton
- “A Genealogy of the Ipswich Descendants of Samuel Appleton” by Thomas Franklin Waters
- “Samuel Appleton’s Farm” by Thomas Franklin Waters
- “Ancestry of Mary Oliver, who lived 1640-1698, and was wife of Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich“
- “Hammatt Papers”: Samuel Appleton
- Wikipedia: Samuel Appleton
- History of the United States, Volume II: Samuel Appleton
- Descendants of Samuel Appleton, from the Early Inhabitants of Ipswich, Massachusetts by Abraham Hammatt
- Baker Family tree: Appleton early history
- Appleton Family Papers, biographies by the Trustees of Reservations