People

“Preserve and protect”

When the Town of Ipswich was laid out in the 1630s, it was required that everyone live within a half mile of the Meeting House. Accordingly, long narrow lots were laid out on High and East Streets, extending up along Town Hill. There may have also been the wife’s herb garden in the front yard, and a vegetable garden, an orchard, a pen for animals, outhouse and barns and other outbuildings in the rear. The entire lot was needed for self-sustainability. Maps of East and Summer Streets show that even into the 19th Century, one side of the street had houses, and the land between East and Summer Streets had orchards and gardens.

Lot assignments to the original settlers of Ipswich

Many of those houses are still standing, but Ipswich is facing an existential crisis. If the rear sections of these lots become crowded with condominiums, are we forfeiting our shared obligation to protect the streetscape and historic character of the community? The Historical Commission has previously approved converting existing barns into residential structures in order to save them, which is very different from constructing “barn-like” multi-family condos crowded onto the lots. 

This photo is from a cyanotype taken by Arthur Wesley Dow around 1890. This lot borders the Old North Burying Ground in Ipswich, and the tombstones are still standing!

In most communities, this would be just a zoning question, but Ipswich is not just another town. Ipswich is recognized as America’s best-preserved Puritan town, and High Street has the greatest concentration of First Period houses in the country. Who could imagine Old Sturbridge Village, Historic Deerfield, Colonial Williamsburg or the McIntyre Historic District in Salem with condominiums squeezed behind and between their historic houses? Ipswich is no less important, and has the unique distinction that it is not a touristy reconstructed historic town with museum houses. Every historic home in the town, with the exception of the Whipple House, is lived in, primarily by the owners. At least one of our First Period houses has never been sold; the current owner being a direct descendent of the 17th Century builder.  Ipswich is holding on to being a real town, but for how long?

It is the Historical Commission’s mandate to preserve and protect the houses, character and streetscapes of our four historic districts listed in the National Register of Historic Places. When we developed and promoted the Architectural Preservation District, we assured homeowners that the APD was designed to protect their investments in our exceptionally historic community. It is understandable and fair that a homeowner might want to add a small, compatible structure on a long narrow lot, but filling those spaces with multi-family condominiums threatens the historic character of Ipswich, the investments of homeowners, and the community.

Late 19th Century view from Town Hill, with High St. in the foreground, Maple Avenue below the arrow, and a mostly bare Mount Pleasant in the distace.

The following is an excerpt from the book Ipswich Yesterday written in 1982.

by Alice Keenan

“Naturally when we moved to Ipswich my antiquarian cup ranneth over. This lovely old town, its long history, ancient houses and interesting people became almost an obsession — a most delightful one to be sure — and supported by an understanding if not occasionally bemused family, I merrily pursued my historic bent. We remember well on coming here a quarter of a century ago, driving endlessly up and down the by-ways of this old town in a state of pop-eyed wonder, passing 17th Century house after 17th Century house, modestly unmarked, and in some cases woefully uncherished.

We know we made a positive pest of ourselves by prattling on and on to whomever we met about the unbelievable wealth of history contained in our new-found community, and were properly and at time un-gently put in our place as one of those tiresome newcomers who “wanted to change things.”

Ipswich Visitor Center
The Hall Haskell House was slated for destruction by the Town of Ipswich until a group of citizens stepped in and saved it. The building now serves as the Ipswich Visitor Center.

We certainly didn’t want to change things — we just wanted to help preserve and protect what we had left. We embarked on what our family resignedly referred to as “Ma’s Madness.”

“Preserve and Protect” was the credo of the Historical Commission, the first in the state, formed in 1964, and it wasn’t until we inventoried what we had and noted what we had lost, that it became apparent that a wealth of 17th and 18th century houses and structures had been destroyed through neglect, avarice and sheer stupidity.

A member of the commission, the late Kay Thompson once jotted down some of our losses. The list goes on and on, way back to the turn of the century, until the writer wearily ends by commenting: “Within the last 50 years we’ve lost enough handsome old houses to stock a new Sturbridge Village.”


The Ipswich Heritage Trust was formed when the historic John Appleton House at the foot of North Main Street was going to be bulldozed down and replaced with a service station. The Manning house and Old Post Office on North Main St. soon followed

Much of what we have left we can give thanks, in part, to those frugal Ipswichites who never, never, destroyed or threw away anything if a modicum of use could be found for it.

Houses and parts of houses were turned back to front, moved all over town; paneling and nails were re-used where necessary, ells from one house were tacked on another a mile or two away; barns were moved and turned into comfortable dwellings, and alas, comfortable dwellings turned into barns.

It is the people who built and lived in these houses generation after generation, irascible, brilliant, dedicated, impossibly dull and surprisingly witty, that made Ipswich the fascinating place it was and perhaps still is.”

“Preserve and protect” - Alice Keenan: "Naturally when we moved to Ipswich my antiquarian cup ranneth over. This lovely old town, its long history, ancient houses and interesting people became almost an obsession"
The Preston-Foster house, Ipswich MA Something to Preserve - This important book described the process by which the town of Ipswich began to preserve at-risk historic homes after the town rejected efforts to set up a legal historic district.
58 North Main St., Ipswich MA 2020 Mary Conley award for historic preservation - The Ipswich Historical Commission Mary Conley Award for 2020 is awarded to Ingrid and Stephen Miles, owners of the historic Captain Richard Rogers house at 58 N. Main St.
County Street Ipswich MA The APD: A balance between the community and the individual - Ipswich got the balance between the community and the individual just about right when it decided to preserve its historic district.
Ipswich MA locations on the National Register of Historic Places Ipswich listings in the National Register of Historic Places - Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Register of Historic Places supports public and private efforts to identify, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.
Ipswich Historical Commission - The Ipswich Historical Commission acts to protect the Town's historical and archaeological assets, and assists owners of historic homes in accordance with town bylaw and Chapter 40 of the General Laws of Massachusetts.
Historic Districts - The contiguous historic neighborhoods of Meeting House Green, High Street, the East End, and the South Green are well-preserved streetscapes of 17th to 19th century private residences.
First Period construction - 17th Century construction methods in New England were derived from English post-medieval carpentry traditions. Eastern Massachusetts contains the greatest concentration of First Period structures in the nation.
The Manning house and Old Post Office were among the first houses to be preserved. Architectural styles and preservation resources - The Secretary of the Interior Preservation Service develops historic preservation standards and guidance on preserving and rehabilitating historic buildings, administers the Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program for rehabilitating historic buildings, and sets the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties.

Categories: People, preservation

Tagged as: ,

1 reply »

  1. I had the privilege of sharing my booth at Olde Ipswich Days with Alice, when she had her first book published. She was truly one of a kind and had a wicked sense of humor. She also joined me when the second book was released and I always looked forward to her arrival. Since I viewed her as so purely Ipswich, hearing her state she was the “outsider” coming to make changes is amusing. I don’t doubt that is how she was viewed at that time. I have heard that said about a few others lately so it’s funny how some things never change!

Leave a Reply to Susan K. Burton Cancel reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.