An article from the July 16, 1945 Life magazine:
Last Summer, as their forefathers had for 300 years before them, the people of Ipswich and Rowley were making a comfortable living out of the rich juicy clams from the briny marsh along the Parker River. Last winter they suddenly discovered a proclamation posted on their land. The government had taken over the lands for a Wildlife Refuge. The clam battle was on. Arguments were almost as thick as Ipswich clams. Ipswich hunters were afraid of losing their private hunting reserves. Ipswich farmers were afraid of losing their land.
Said one resident, “I found they had taken all the land on my which my privy sets. I can go into my house, but I can’t go into my privy.” But Ipswich clam diggers were the most vociferous. Said they…”Ipswich clams have been fostered and protected by local law, and are recognized as the world’s best. Now the ducks will eat most of them, paddle about and cover up the rest. Without clams, where would Ipswich be?”
Patiently the Department of the Interior presented its case….Hunters will profit by a wildlife refuge nearby. Nobody has to leave his land except for a few summer residents. Clam diggers can go right on digging. And besides, the ducks don’t eat clams; they eat mussels. Resorted the diggers…mussels! That’s what we have been cleaning out of the flats for years! Now they want to put them back to feed the ducks.
A month ago, armed with evidence, righteous wrath, and Governor Tobin, the citizens advanced on Washington. There they joined forces with Massachusetts’ new senator, Leverett Saltonstall, and moved on Secretary Harold Ickes’ ornate air-conditioned meeting room. They got a promise that the Secretary would keep the clams in mind. Ickes added that the Department of the Interior “has not been notorious for destroying wildlife.”
HR 3487: A Bill to Abolish the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge in Essex County Mass, to Authorize and Direct the Restoration to the Former Owners of the Land Compromising Such Refuge, and HR 3578, A Bill to Reduce in Area the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge in Essex County, filed June 19-20-25, 1947.
Plum Island - The General Court on October 17, 1649 divided Plum Island among three towns, granted to Ipswich 2/5, Newbury 2/5, and Rowley 1/5. The salt marsh hay, sand, and wildlife were valuable assets to the towns.… Continue reading Plum Island
Nancy Weare - Nancy Virginia Weare spent 33 years at her family's summer camp at Plum Island. In 1993, after Nancy retired, she wrote "Plum Island: The Way It Was." … Continue reading Nancy Weare Clam Battle! - Life Magazine, July 16, 1945: The government had taken over the lands for a Wildlife Refuge, and the clam battle was on. Ipswich hunters were afraid of losing their private hunting reserves. Ipswich farmers were afraid of losing their land.… Continue reading Clam Battle! The ghost of Harry Maine - Harry Maine — you have heard the tale; He lived there in Ipswich Town; He blasphemed God, so they put him down with an iron shovel, at Ipswich Bar; They chained him there for a thousand years, As the sea rolls up to shovel it back; So when the sea cries, the goodwives say "Harry Maine growls at his work today."… Continue reading The ghost of Harry Maine The steamship “Carlotta” - The excursion boat Carlotta was built in 1878 at Rogers Point boat yard, and sailed from Town Wharf to the Neck and Plum Island for 35 years. The small hotels at Little Neck, Ipswich Bluff and Grape Island were favorite destinations for tourists and locals.… Continue reading The steamship “Carlotta” Ipswich Bluffs - The hotel at Ipswich Bluff on the southern tip of Plum Island was a favorite destination of locals in the late 19th Century, who took the steamer Carlotta from the Ipswich wharf with Capt. Nat Burnham.… Continue reading Ipswich Bluffs The Commons - When the Town of Ipswich was established, ownership of a house and land within the town bounds carried with it the right of pasturage beyond the Common Fence. In 1788, the commoners resigned all their land interests to pay the heavy town debt incurred during the Revolution.… Continue reading The Commons The last cottage on Plum Island - (This article was written by Beverly Perna before the cottage was torn down, and has been updated.) An iconic Ipswich landmark, the last privately owned cottage on the Ipswich end of Plum Island, was turned over to the Fish and Wildlife Service and was taken down in 2016. Boaters and Great Neck residents were most familiar with… Continue reading The last cottage on Plum Island