Elizabeth Morse of Newbury was accused and found guilty of being a witch. She was initially sentenced to be hanged, but the execution was never carried out and, after spending a year in the Boston jail, Elizabeth Morse was sent home to live with her husband on the condition that she was forbidden to travel more than 16 rods from her property unless she was accompanied by a pastor or a deacon. The Morse Society placed a bronze plaque on a building on Market Square in Newburyport where it is believed Morse’s house once stood.
The following story is from A Book of New England Legends and Folklore.
In the year 1679, there happened in that part of Newbury, now known as Newburyport, and to one Goodman Morse of that town, a series of petty annoyances that were forthwith set down to the account of the arch-fiend himself, since, as everybody said, no one else but the devil himself could have done such things. This Goodman Morse was an industrious cobbler, about sixty-five years old, with whom lived his wife and grandson, a lad whose roguish disposition.
Caleb Powell, Morse’s neighbor, had a shrewd suspicion that the grandson was the real culprit. But instead of declaring his suspicions in an open way, he persuaded Morse that he could exorcise the evil spirit by his command of secret power, provided he could have the boy put under his hand. In truth, the strange molestations suddenly ceased with the lad’s departure, whereupon Powell was immediately suspected of dealing in the Black Art, was arrested.
In court, Goodman Morse testified,
“Last Thursday night my wife & I being in bed, we heard a great noise against the roof with sticks and stones throwing against the house with great violence, whereupon I myself arose, and my wife, and saw not anybody, but were forced to return into the house again, the sticks and stones being thrown so violently against us. We locked the door again fast and about midnight we heard a great noise of a hog in the house, and I arose and found a door being shut. I opened the door again and the hog runneth violently out.”
And in conclusion the poor, silly Morse stated,
“A mate of a ship came often to me and said he much grieved for me, and said the boy was the case of all my trouble, and my wife was much roughed, and was no witch; and if I would let him have the boy but one day he would warrant me no more trouble. I being persuaded to it, he came the next day at the break of day and the boy was with him until night, and I not any trouble since.”
It thus fell out that well-meaning Caleb Powell, instead of being thanked for his pains, was accused of being a wizard, hence his arrest and trial. At the March term of the court at Ipswich, Powell’s case came up and additional testimony was brought out. Sarah Hale and Joseph Mirick testified that Joseph Moores hath often said in their hearing that if there were any wizards, he was sure Caleb Powell was one. This Moores was boatswain of the ship of which Caleb Powell was mate.
The court decided its verdict:
“Upon hearing the complaint brought to this court against Caleb Powell for suspicion of working by the devill to the molesting of the family of William Morse of Newbury, this court cannot find any evident ground of proceeding farther against the said Powell, yet we determine that he hath given such ground of suspicion of his so dealing, that we cannot so acquit him but that he justly deserves to beare his owne shame and the costs of prosecution of the complaint.”
Since Powell had escaped with his life, it was necessary to find another victim. This time, Morse’s wife Elizabeth was hit upon as the guilty one. Therefore, on the 20th of May, 1680, at a Court of Assistants held in Boston, she was indicted by the grand jury for “not having the fear of God before her eyes, being instigated by the devil, and having familiarity with the devil contrary to the peace of our sovereign lord the king, his crown & dignity, the laws of God, and of this jurisdiction.” The result was a verdict of guilty, and Goody Morse was condemned to death by the governor on the 27th of May, in the following words, ”
” Elisabeth Morse, you are to goe from hence to the place from whence you came and thence to the place of execution and there to be hanged by the neck till you be dead, and the Lord have mercy on your soul.”
The court was adjourned, from day to day, until June 1, when the governor and magistrates voted to reprieve Goody Morse to the October term. The next year the case was brought before the Great and General Court, by two petitions from the husband of the accused, in which he attempted to free his wife from the deadly accusations made against her. Mr. Coffin, the historian of Newbury, believes that the life of Goody Morse was saved by the firmness of Governor Bradstreet, and the town of Newbury was thus prevented from offering the first victim, in Essex County, to that lamentable spirit of delusion, which, twelve years after, left so dark a stain.”
- A Book of New England Legends and Folklore
- Salem witchcraft: with an account of Salem village, and a history of opinions on witchcraft and kindred subjects by Charles Wentworth Upham
- The First New England Witch by William Morse
- The Devil of Great Island