Featured image: Photo by Ipswich photographer George Dexter, by 1900.
In 1727, Captain Nathaniel Treadwell “inn holder” (1700 – 1777) opened an inn in the house at 12 North Main St. in Ipswich, still standing. John Adams visited Ipswich frequently during the 1770’s in his capacity as a lawyer and always stopped at Captain Nathaniel Treadwell’s inn. Capt. Nathaniel gave the inn in his will to his son Jacob (1734-1814) in 1777. When Jacob died he left all of his real estate to his sons John White Treadwell, Leverett Treadwell & Charles Treadwell. Jacob Treadwell’s estate was insolvent and the real estate had to be sold to pay debts. Moses Treadwell Jr. the son of Capt. Moses [1755-1833], grandson of Capt. Nathaniel and cousin to Jacob bought the old Inn for $1215.
A later Nathaniel Treadwell the son of Jabez Tredwell and Lucy Treadwell, husband of Mary Hovey built the second Treadwell’s Inn at 26 N. Main in 1806, and kept his tavern until 1818, after which Moses Treadwell continued the business. For over one hundred years it was the town’s first-class hotel. President Monroe was a guest, and Daniel Webster often stayed there while in town for sessions of the local court. The most famous guest was the Marquis de LaFayette, who was entertained for several hours on Aug. 31, 1824 before continuing on his day’s journey to Newburyport.
The inn originally had a hip roof and probably looked somewhat similar to the Heard House (Ipswich Museum). In the mid-1800′s Treadwell’s Inn was modernized with Victorian architectural elements, a Mansard roof, generous front porches and a tower. The inn was renamed the Agawam House and continued as the town’s first class hotel until it closed in the late 1920′s.
Charles Lamson purchased the building, removed the porches to add rooms, and converted the inn into apartment housing. The old inn still stands next to the Colonial Building, wrapped in faded aluminum siding. The building is long overdue for renovation, its former glory unrecognizable. If you stand across the street on the rocks in front of First Church you can see its Victorian tower and Mansard roof.
By Susan Howard Boice
Treadwell’s Tavern, known to many as the Agawam Hotel, was located on North Main Street and still stands, unrecognizable in its present sad state. In 1806 Nathaniel Treadwell bought land and a house, and started his tavern business. The tavern changed hands many times. Frederick Mitchell was one of the owners. who sold to Jeremiah Prescott and John Wiggins. At this particular time, many doctors and dentists had their professional offices there. Originally a hip roof Federal type structure, the 2nd Empire style Mansard roof was added in the late 1800s.
At one time the Old Agawam was the only hotel in Ipswich. People who arrived on the train would have to walk through town and climb the hill for a night’s lodging. The stable, though not a part of the hotel, was a convenient place for horse travelers to put up their own animals for a night, or one could rent a team or horse for a day’s outing.
A most exciting sight was the dashing stages, drawn by four horses, which galloped through town on their trip from Boston to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, loaded with passengers and baggage. The coaches would halt at the Agawam to change horses and allow the passengers a meal, or an overnight stay. The driver, of course, would always be a hero to the admiring crowd. Distinguished travelers would now and then stop by for a taste of good cheer at the hotel.
In the 20th Century, Charles Lamson removed the piazzas on the front and added rooms, as shown in the picture of the Agawam House today. The Mansard roof can be seen above the front rooms.
The Great Agawam Stable Fire
By Harold Bowen, 1975
In the days of stagecoaches, there were several inns along the old Bay Road and High Street. These inns also provided stables in which to house the horses.. One of the later hotels was the Agawam House on North Main Street. In 1806 Nathaniel Treadwell bought land and a house and started his tavern business. He later sold it to Moses Treadwell in 1819. One of his most distinguished guests was General LaFayette, who was entertained and lunched there on Aug. 3, 1824 and later in the day journeyed to Newburyport, according to Waters’ history.
Since that time there have been many owners. The last before it ceased to be a hotel was a Mr. Southwick. The stable, although not a part of the hotel, was convenient for the guests to hire or put up their own animals for the night.
At 11:45 a.m. on May 26, 1927, Harold Haskell had just driven his horse into the Agawam House stable on North Main Street, fed him his noon meal, and was going home to his own lunch. He drove one of two teams owned by the American Railway Express Co. and they were kept at the stable.
Howard Blake had a hardware store in the Colonial Building on North Main, and Haskell, on his way out of the yard, stopped and spoke to Blake who was standing in his doorway. They happened to look toward the stable and saw it was all-aflame.
Haskell ran back to try to rescue his horses, but it was too late. He died in the flames. Blake ran over and pulled the fire alarm box at North Main and Warren Streets.
The buildings formed sort of a half-circle in the yard behind the Agawam Hotel and were covered with tarpaper. When the Fire Department arrived, Chief Edward Smith saw that the fire was a serious one and called help from Hamilton, Beverly and Rowley.
The Hamilton Department roamed the neighborhood to put out small roof fires caused from burning embers from the stable fire. In all, 14 houses, the farthest away being my own on Summer Street, caught fire. The rear of all the houses on Warren Street was charred by the fire. Walter Henderson lost a garage.
At the time I was attending Manning High School and was in a classroom on the third floor. It was 10 minutes (which seemed like an hour) before recess. We could see the flames from the school. When the bell rang my brother and I obtained permission from Principal Ralph Whipple to go home. When we arrived home, the Hamilton men were just climbing down off of our roof. A few shingles had caught fire.
The stable for years was a livery stable where one could go and hire a horse and buggy for an hour or a day. Many a young man had gone up there and hired a horse or team to take his girl for a Sunday ride. There were no flat tires or gas to worry about, and the old horse always brought you home safely.
Also destroyed in the fire were six funeral horse-drawn hacks and a hearse. There were several owners of the stable, the last being Frank Woods who was in the teaming business. Fortunately, all his horses were working and none was lost.
It was an exciting experience, and some of the residents of Warren Street still remember the Great Agawam Stable fire.
At one time, the Agawam House was a first-rate hotel and many prominent persons stopped here. I was a young boy when it closed its doors as a hotel, but I can still remember its last years of life. It was later sold and a Mr. Beaulieu renovated it into an apartment building. Then it was sold to Mr. Lampson, and extensive renovations were made at that time. The greatest change was the removing of the piazzas on the front and adding rooms.”