114 Topsfield Road, the Goodhue – Adams house (1763)

topsfield_114_goodhue-Adams_1763The home at 114 Topsfield Road is known as the Goodhue-Adams-Patch house. The Goodhue and Adams families were among the original settlers in Ipswich. William Goodhue was one of the five Ipswich men arrested in a 1687 protest against taxation without representation that gave Ipswich the title “Birthplace of Independence.”

From “The Hammatt Papers,” we know that William Goodhue took the Freeman’s oath Dec. 7, 1636. He had a house lot in Ipswich in 1635 and afterward much other land by grant and purchase, including:

  •  “Six acres of land lying on the Ipswich River about half a mile above the mill, having a parcel of ground of Thomas Bird’s on the east and a planting lot of Henry Archers on the north, and ten acres of land granted to Nathaniel Bishop on the south.”
  • “A parcel of land about two miles up the town river encompassed on the southeast and southwest by the river, and running from the east from a dry pit to the west, etc., 26 acres more or less.”

A descendant of his also named William Goodhue married Abigail Adams in 1718. Samuel Patch was owner of the large farm at Castle Neck and Wigwam Hill in the late 18th Century. This house is believed to have been built in 1763. Oliver Adams is shown on the 1832 map as the owner of the house. A map recorded by the town clerk created a new lot by dividing the lot lengthwise in half, with Wallis the owner of the western side and John Adams the owner of the eastern portion. Further research is necessary to determine the original owners.

 

topsfield_114_front

topsfield_114_dawson_1800sThe Georgian-style house is an integral lean-to saltbox with timber framing, in which the lean-to is incorporated into the original design of the house. Twentieth Century owners removed the plaster ceiling in most rooms to expose the large mortised beams and wide 3″ x 10″ joists. The white oak trenals (“tree nails” or pegs) connecting the major beams of the house are in perfect condition. Original wide pine board flooring is found throughout the house and the attic.

The original center chimney was replaced around 1825 by 2 chimneys. All 4 Rumford style fireplaces are in working order. The base of the massive original chimney is still evident. In the basement one can walk under the brick barrel vault that supports the kitchen and dining room fireplaces, while the arch under the larger cooking fireplace has been filled in. Such vaults were used for cleaning out the ashes or sometimes as storage. They also support the ends of terminated first floor joists.

More photos from this house are shown below.
topsfield_114 _chimneys

topsfield_114 _beams
topsfield_114 _trenal

topsfield_114_stairs
topsfield_114_fireplace

topsfield_114 _arch

topsfield_114_brownpaint

The house was painted brown in the 20th Century

Sources

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